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International High Level Radioactive Waste Management 2019

SMR Design Profile
Oct 4, 2012

Full Name
Bystryi Reactor so Svintsovym Teplonositelem - Fast Reactor with Lead Coolant
N.A. Dollezhal Research and Development Institute of Power Engineering (NIKIET)
MWe (net)
Under Development

Design Profile Description

Design Image
Source: NIKIET

BREST-300 is a lead-cooled reactor system developed by NIKIET. BREST is a fast neutron reactor with 700 MWt thermal power and 300 MWe electric output. BREST can also be used for co-generation of power and process heat. The reactor lifetime is 30 years. There are two additional scaled-up versions of BREST available: BREST-600 and BREST-1200; however, their designs are largely based on the BREST-300 design.

Russia has a long history of experimenting with fast neutron reactors and lead-cooled reactor designs and has successfully employed lead-bismuth cooling in its submarine reactors. Development of the new concept of fast reactors began in the 1980s, following the announcement of a competition by the State Committee of the Council of Ministers for Science and Technology of the USSR, but it did not receive serious impetus until the early 1990s, when work on BREST-300 design has picked up once again. In the early 2000s, Russia considered the BREST units to dispose of its weapons-grade plutonium. Recently, the true impetus to the project was given by a 2010 Advanced Nuclear Technologies Federal Program 2010-2015 and to 2020, which chooses lead-based fast neutron reactors as the priority project (implied is BREST technologies). The program allocates specific funding for project development.

NIKIET has begun the detailed design of a demonstration BREST-OD-300 plant at the Beloyarsk nuclear power plant site. The BREST-OD-300 plant design includes a BREST-300 reactor, the onsite fuel cycle facilities and a complex for radwaste treatment and storage. An experimental plant will be built at the Siberian Chemical Combine (SCC). The project is intended to validate the design and aid in the development of a BREST-1,200 design.

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